Cinema Obscura’s Best of 2017

Best Record

Eternal Rituals for the
Accretion of Light
Prosthetic Records


Junius Official Website
Junius Facebook

Track of The Year

Clean The Beast
Eternal Rituals for the
Accretion of Light
Prosthetic Records

Best Rap Record

Royce Da 5’9
The Bar Exam 4


Stream or Download The Bar Exam 4

Best Rap Track

Royce Da 5’9
Beats Keep Callin
The Bar Exam 4

Best Film

The Evil Within
Andrew Getty
Vision Films


Best Director – Film

Andrew Getty
The Evil Within
Vision Films

Best Director – TV

David Lynch
Twin Peaks
Season 3

Best Performance in a TV Series or Film

Kyle MacLachlan
Twin Peaks
Season 3


Best Costume Design in a TV series or Film

Nancy Steiner
Twin Peaks
Season 3

Best TV Series

Twin Peaks
Season 3


Best Comedy TV Series

Vice Principals
Season 2


Best Animated TV Series

F Is For Family
Season 2




Twin Peaks: The Return Post Finale Thoughts and Is This Really The End?


How Do I Feel About The Twin Peaks: The Return Series Finale?

I enjoyed the finale overall. It was challenging, thought-provoking, fascinating, and unsettling, but I also found the lack of resolution and closure a bit disappointing.

Initial thoughts aside, I am not in a rush to form a concrete opinion about the finale, because like any great mystery or art, it will take time to process, absorb, explore, review, and contemplate.

Ultimately, my opinion of the finale hinges upon whether episode 18 was truly intended to be the definitive end of Twin Peaks.

If this is the definitive finale and end to the show, then I will be a bit disappointed.

If it turns out not to be the end of the show, then that changes the framing of perspective on episode 18 completely.

If episode 18 is really a bridge between season 3 and season 4, I will appreciate the episode so much more, because it’s purpose will be apparent, and we will be able to enjoy the episode for what it is instead of holding it to the standards of a definitive finale.

My Theory About The Finale and the Future of Twin Peaks

I believe Lynch & Frost composed episode 18 in such a way that it left the possibility open for the story to continue.

What am I basing this theory on?

A number of key factors:

The Critical and Financial Success of Twin Peaks: The Return

In a recent interview, Showtime Networks CEO David Nevins told The Hollywood Reporter that Twin Peaks: The Return has been a financial success for the network:

From a financial perspective, Nevins says Twin Peaks has exceeded expectations. Its May premiere week drove the greatest number of free trial sign-ups for Showtime’s over-the-top streaming service since it launched in 2015. And while those numbers aren’t ones that the CBS Corp.-owned network will divulge, Nevins emphasized the number has held “remarkably steady.” In short, most of the people who signed up for that record number of trials have paid to keep Showtime the subsequent three months.

Seemingly Too Many Unresolved Characters and Sub-Plots Even For Lynch

From Audrey’s Horne, to Jerry Horne, to Ella’s pit rash, Lynch and Frost left many original series characters and new characters mid-development, or without any resolution or closure.

Many fans have chalked this up to Lynchian ambiguity, and this may be the case, but the lack of closure on so many old and new characters this time around feels a bit abrupt and cold, even for Lynch.

Episode 18: Finale? Or Set-up for Season 4?

Fans are divided on the series finale, but what if it’s true purpose is to be the set up for season 4 and the next stage of the story, and not the definitive end of the show?

The finale felt more like episode 1 of season 4 of Twin Peaks then it did a show finale.

David Lynch Has Stated He Doesn’t Plan on Making More Films

In a May 2015 interview with the Sydney Morning Herald, Lynch clearly stated that he is done making feature films.

He [Lynch] is uncertain at first, but then appears to make up his mind: he has indeed made his last feature film. That’s a yes? “Yes it is,” he says.

We Are Living in the Golden Age of Television

With the record amount of money being spent by streaming services and networks on original series and content in 2017 ($6 billion spent by Netflix in 2017, $4.5 billion by Amazon, Apple to spend $1 billion in 2018) and the level of artistic control for creators, there is no better time than now to be in television.

Lynch and Frost, being veterans of network television and Hollywood, without a doubt recognize the special time we are living in for creators and television production.

After the triumphant critical and financial success of Twin Peaks: The Return, it’s hard to find a reason why Lynch and Frost would want to hang up their hats now.

Is This Really The End?

Despite the collective notion among Twin Peaks fans that this was the definitive end to the show, there is actually very little evidence to support this, and when you look closer at the information available, there are many reasons to be optimistic about the prospect of more Twin Peaks.

Jon Glaser Still Has Hope For a Fourth Season of Delocated



In a recent Q & A with A.V. Club, Jon Glaser was asked by a fan what a fourth season of his cult show Delocated might have included.

Glaser proceeded to drop a bombshell of hope for hardcore Delocated fans and revealed:

I have an idea for a fourth season that I love, and I am still holding out hopes that it might happen, so I’ll hold off saying what any ideas might be until I get a 100 percent confirmed “This is never going to happen” from Adult Swim. Also, to be clear, it wasn’t so much that I “wanted” to do a fourth season. I certainly would have loved to do more, but I also thought it was a perfect place to end it. I am very proud of the show, and especially proud of the finale.

The ground breaking Adult Swim live action fictional reality series premiered in 2009 and follows Jon and his family as they move to New York City to enter the witness protection program after Jon testifies against the Russian mob.

Jon conceals his identity by wearing a ski mask and uses a “micro titanium voice harmonizer” to alter his voice. His arrogant, selfish, and self-absorbed personality gets him into all sorts of funny and sticky situations as he tries to navigate NY life, while trying to stay out of the Russian mob’s crosshairs.

Delocated is drenched with quirky, eccentric satire, and dark, deadpan humor.

The show features an amazing cast of supporting actors including Zoe Lister-Jones, Steve Cirbus, Mather Zickel, Jacob Cogan, Kevin Dorff, Larry Murphy, Jerry Minor, Ali Farahnakian, and guest stars like Paul Rudd, Michael Shannon, and Janeane Garofalo.

The comedic genius of Jon Glaser and PFFR is unique and singular. Delocated quickly became a cult classic and one of my favorite TV shows.

When it was announced that Delocated was calling it quits after three seasons, it was devastaing news to fans. The series finale aired on Adult Swim in March of 2013.

Though the chances seem very slim that Adult Swim will revive the series, us hardcore Delocated fans have now been given some hope to hold on to.

Delocated Seasons 1-3 are currently streaming on Hulu Plus.

Here are some of my favorite clips from Delocated:

The Golden Age of Anthology Horror Television


I was lucky to grow up in the 80’s; it was the golden age of anthology horror television.

From the early 80’s through the 90’s, there were a number anthology horror TV shows on the airwaves. These shows would air late at night on the weekends, and they were the perfect creepy, late night viewing.

Anthology horror TV shows of the time were an extension of the unfolding golden age of horror on the silver screen. These weekly horror shows were produced by companies like Laurel EntertainmentNew Line Cinema, and Paramount, who were behind some of the best horror films of the 80’s, including Creepshow, A Nightmare on Elm Street, and Friday the 13th. 

Many of the shows had episodes written or based on stories by famous horror writers and directors, like George Romero, Stephen King, Clive Barker, Tobe Hooper, and Fred Dekker.

Anthology horror TV shows were popular throughout the 80’s, but by 1992 the only show left in the genre was Tales from the Crypt, which aired until 1996. When the golden age of horror films diffused into the 90’s, anthology horror television did as well.

There have been some modern anthology horror series over the last few decades, most notably Masters of Horror (2005-2007), but anthology horror television has largely become a lost genre.

Let’s take a look back at the classic anthology horror shows of the 80’s.

Tales from the Darkside (1984-1988)

With the success of George Romero’s horror anthology film Creepshow, Romero and the film’s producers, Richard P. Rubinstein and Laurel Entertainment, decided to develop a similar TV series entitled Tales from the Darkside. The show followed the same approach as Creepshow, with live-action 1950’s EC comic-style horror tales. The iconic, creepy opening and closing sequences feature a haunting theme song by Donald Rubinstein and Erica Lindsay. A number of the episodes were based on stories by famous horror authors like Stephen King, Clive Barker, and Robert Bloch. Tales from the Darkside ended in 1988, after four seasons and 90 episodes. A movie based on the TV show by the same was released in 1990.

Friday the 13th: The Series (1987-1990)

Even though the show was called Friday the 13th: The Series it actually has nothing to do with Jason Vorhees or Crystal Lake. The show is about Micki Foster and her cousin Ryan Dallion, who inherit an antique store from their Uncle Lewis Vendredi, and inadvertently sell cursed antiques from the store. After being told about the cursed items by their uncle’s friend Jack Marshak, Micki and Ryan work with him to retrieve the cursed antiques, and return them to a vault under the store. Many of the customers discover the powers of the cursed items, and do not want to return them, using the powers for their own purposes. Friday the 13th: The Series ended in 1990 after three seasons and 72 episodes, when the show was canceled abruptly during the third season.


Freddy’s Nightmares (1988-1990)

Freddy’s Nightmares is a spin-off from the A Nightmare on Elm Street films produced by New Line Television. The show is hosted by Freddy Krueger, and the format is much like Tales from the Crypt. Each week there was a new stand alone episode which typically had two story lines. The pilot, “No More Mr. Nice Guy,” directed by Tobe Hooper (Texas Chainsaw Massacre, Poltergiest), elaborates on Freddy’s origins referenced in the first A Nightmare on Elm Street film, showing his trial, release on a technicality, and immolation by the parents of Springwood. After the pilot, Freddy would occasionally appear in episodes, but mainly served as the host. Freddy’s Nightmares ended in 1990 after two seasons and 44 episodes.


Monsters (1988-1991)

Monsters debuted not long after Tales from the Darkside ended, and was produced by Darkside producer Richard P. Rubinstein and Laurel Entertainment. The two shows were similar, but Monsters was more straight horror, and focused on monsters. The show adapted stories by Stephen King and Robert Bloch, and had guest stars, including Steve Buscemi and Gina Gershon. Monsters ended in 1991 after three seasons and 72 episodes

Tales from the Crypt (1989-1996)

Tales from the Crypt debuted on HBO in 1989 and was named after the 1950’s EC comic by the same name. The episodes were largely based on stories from Tales from the Crypt, and the 6 other EC comics of the time period. The show was produced by HBO, with Executive Producers Richard Donner, Robert Zemeckis, Joel Silver, and David Giler. Unlike other anthology horror series of the time, Tales from the Crypt aired on cable TV, so it wasn’t subject to the censorship of network TV. The show often contained graphic violence, gore, nudity, and sexual situations. The episodes were later edited for broadcast in syndication. Episodes opened with theme music by Danny Elfman while the show’s host, an animated corpse named the Crypt Keeper, introduced the story. The show featured well-known writers, directors and actors from film and television throughout the series. Filming was moved to Britain for the seventh season and featured episodes based on British characters. Tales from the Crypt ended in 1996 after seven seasons, and 93 episodes.

© 2015 All Rights Reserved The contents of this article cannot be reproduced without prior permission of the author.

UFO’s, Owls, and The Black Lodge: The Esoteric Elements of Twin Peaks

The Black Lodge

The dark, dense mythos of Twin Peaks was created by the alchemical merging of many different belief systems. David Lynch and Mark Frost were able to fuse elements of Tibetan Buddhism and Native American folklore with science and the supernatural, into a single construct, in which science, religion, UFO’s, the supernatural, nature, good, and evil, all exist within one unified cosmology.

The supernatural and UFO elements introduced in season two of Twin Peaks ultimately divided the fan base of the show and have been cited as a major factor in the show’s decline. The die hard fans embraced the originality and ever increasing high strangeness of the show, while mainstream audiences struggled with the show’s delays, time slot changes, and new esoteric direction.

In spite of the role these esoteric sensibilities played in Twin Peak’s demise, looking at these elements of the the show in retrospect almost a quarter century later, and viewing the show from the scope of its impact on ufology and the esoteric in television and popular culture, it becomes clear that these elements were just another facet of a show that was far ahead of its time. The show’s UFO and esoteric elements have proven to be highly influential.

Project Blue Book & Deep Space Monitoring

Our first insight into Major Briggs’ classified work for the Air Force comes when he confronts Agent Cooper with a readout of a signal containing Agent Cooper’s name, and the cryptic and iconic message the giant gave Cooper in a dream: “the owls are not what they seem.” According to Major Briggs, the signal was picked up by deep space monitoring equipment, but strangely, the signal wasn’t coming from outer space, but emanating from Ghostwood, the forest surrounding Twin Peaks.

When Major Briggs returns from his disappearance from Glastonbury Grove we finally learn the true nature of his classified work for the Air force. He explains he is part of a small group selected to secretly carry on the work of the Air Force’s Project Blue Book, after its cancellation in 1969. Major Briggs elaborates that the group uses deep space monitoring, similar to SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence), to monitor space as well as Ghostwood Forest.

Project Blue Book was the Air Force’s third scientific study into the UFO phenomenon. Started in 1952, the studies two goals were: 1.) to determine if UFO’s were a threat to national security, and 2.) to scientifically analyze UFO related data.

The mere inclusion of Project Blue Book as a plot point on a network show like Twin Peaks was influential in itself. Twin Peaks’ esoteric sensibilities laid the ground work for shows like X Files and Dark Skies, and has influenced countless other television shows and movies.

The show’s premise that UFO’s and the supernatural were somehow connected was a fairly advanced concept for a network TV show at the time. This concept was not new at all in the realm of ufology, but in terms of television and pop culture, it was a groundbreaking premise.

The very same year Project Blue Book was terminated, French Astronomer, and Computer Scientist Jacques Vallee was one of the first Ufologists to suggest an alternative theory to the classic extraterrestrial hypothesis in his 1969 book Passport to Magonia. Protege of Project Blue Book’s Scientific Adviser J. Allen Hynek, Vallee’s theory is that UFO’s may not be flying great distances through space in physical crafts, but may be aliens or multidimensional beings that exist on a different planet, plane, or dimension, manipulating time and space to travel great distances, or travel between dimensions. Vallee also suggests a link between UFO’s and other supernatural phenomenon, such as ghosts, demons, and angels, in that they may be different aspects of a singular phenomenon.

At the time of Twin Peak’s airing in 1990-1991, the publics perception of UFO’s had been somewhat adversely affected by an influx of bizarre alien abduction claims flooding ufology. The dominance of alien abduction claims in the 80’s and early 90’s may have played a part in the mainstream’s reluctance to embrace the increasingly strange UFO and esoteric elements of the show’s second season. Despite how the esoteric elements of the show were received at the time, these elements created a density and complexity that few shows ever reach.

The Red Room

We first are introduced to The Red Room in one of Agent Cooper’s dreams. As the series evolves we learn of The Black Lodge, The White Lodge, and their connection to The Red Room. All three locations are thought to exist on an extradimensional plane. In the series finale, The Man From Another Place gives a vital clue to the purpose of The Red Room, referring to it as a “waiting room,” which suggests The Red Room is the waiting room for The White and Black Lodges. This idea is further enforced by Deputy Hawk’s statement about The Black Lodge, that “every spirit must pass through there on the way to perfection.”

The White/Black Lodge

The concept of the “White Lodge” is first introduced to Agent Cooper by Major Briggs, just prior to Briggs’ disappearance from Glastonbury Grove, and is further elaborated on by Deputy Hawk in the following episode. According to Deputy Hawk, the “White Lodge”, “Black Lodge”, and “Dweller On The Threshold” are part of a local Native American legend. However, the origin of these concepts does not appear to lie within Native American folklore, but can be traced to Frost’s interest in Helena Blavatsky, a Russian-German occultist and founder of the Theophysical Society.

Theosophy is based on the belief that hidden knowledge can offer a person enlightenment, salvation, and an understanding of the mysteries of the universe and how they are unified. The Theophysical aspects integrated into the show via the Native American folklore of Twin Peaks further exemplifies how the show merged belief systems from different cultures.

The Theophysical concept of the Mahatma, the “Great White Lodge” consists of a group of “Ascended Masters” who were once human, but have since become immortal after acquiring the knowledge and karmic balance necessary for “Ascension”, or the “Sixth Initiation.” They serve as teachers to man from the realms of the spirit. Blavatsky also came up with the concept of “Dweller On The Threshold” which she describes as “the discarded astral double of an individual in a previous life that may not have fully disintegrated yet when that individual is reborn.”

Further bolstering the proof that the Theophyscist was the source of inspiration behind the White Lodge, Blavatsky played a role in Frost’s 1993 novel, The List of Seven.

Owls & Native American Folklore

One of the most prominent reoccurring symbolic elements of Twin Peaks is the presence of owls throughout the series. The owl is the chosen animal form of BOB, the Native American demonic entity who possessed Leland Palmer as a child. The owl symbol is also found on the pole and Native American pictograph found by Windham Earle in Owl Cave, and on MIKE’s ring in Fire Walk With Me.

The symbolism and folklore behind the owl is extremely varied across different cultures. Even within Native American tribes there is great diversity in beliefs regarding the owl. Some tribes view the owl as a positive omen, a guardian protector, yet other tribes see the owl as a harbinger of coming death, and the gate keeper to the spirit world.

The main unifying themes that emerge when comparing the different Native American tribes’ beliefs about owls is that owls can contain the souls of the dead and can be a tangible vessel for the souls of the dead in the material plane. The inspiration behind the role of the owl in the Twin Peaks mythos is clearly derived from a combination of Native American legend, and the concept of “familiars” from European medieval folklore.

Some have suggested the use of owls in Twin Peaks can be traced to Whitley Streiber’s 1987 best seller Communion, in which owls were used as a screen memory to alien abduction. It is quite possible Streiber’s novel was an influence on the show. However, when we take into account the strong Native American themes already present in the show, and the fact that Mark Frost has described BOB as a local, ancient, evil Native American spirit, it is safe to assume the show’s owl motifs are rooted in Native American legend.

After combining the strange skin markings on the Log Lady and Major Briggs in a sketch, Agent Cooper discovers they form an owl symbol, which Annie Blackburn and Sheriff Truman recognize as a symbol they have seen before in Owl Cave, a cave located in Ghostwood Forest, containing Native American pictographs and is home to owls.

The symbol found in Owl Cave is very similar to the Spedis owl symbol, used by Wisham Indians, an Indian tribe native to Washington state, the setting for Twin Peaks. The exact purpose of the Spedis owl petroglyph is not definitively known. There are two dominant theories pertaining to the petroglyph: one is that the symbol was used to mark ownership of a fishing location, the second theory is that the symbol was placed on rocks near the shore to protect natives from being drowned by water monsters.

The Owl Ring

The owl ring was used by MIKE in the same way it is thought the Native Americans in Washington state used the owl symbol, to claim ownership of something. BOB and MIKE are ancient Native American demonic entities, so it makes sense that they would use this symbol to convey ownership. Anyone wearing the owl ring became property of MIKE, rendering BOB unable to possess them, and entitling MIKE to any “garmonbozia,” (pain and sorrow,) elicited from the ring wearer. Putting the owl ring on in the train at the last second saved Laura from being possessed by BOB, but ultimately cost Laura her life.


It is revealed by MIKE, the demonic spirit inhabiting the one armed shoe salesman, Philip Michael Gerard, that BOB was his “familiar.” MIKE, who once was partners with BOB in a series of murders, had repented and severed his arm in an attempt to rid himself of a tattoo which connects him to BOB, and evil. According to European medieval folklore, a “familiar” is a supernatural entity that assists witches in their practice of magic. They appear in various forms, namely animal or human, and unlike ghosts, they were “clearly defined, three-dimensional… forms, vivid with colour and animated with movement and sound.”

Tibetan Buddhism & Dream Interpretation

Throughout the series Agent Cooper’s detective work is based largely on his intuition and interpretation of the dream messages he receives from other characters. The cryptic clues Cooper receives in his dreams ultimately aid him in his investigation into the death of Laura Palmer, and lead him to the identity of Laura’s killer BOB. Agent Cooper explains his openness and ability to communicate and glean information through his dreams to the officers:

“Following a dream I had three years ago, I have become deeply moved by the plight of the Tibetan people, and have been filled with a desire to help them. I also awoke from the same dream realizing that I had subconsciously gained knowledge of a deductive technique, involving mind-body coordination operating hand-in-hand with the deepest level of intuition.”

The Tibetan Bon religion, which preceded Buddhism, used dreams to diagnose illnesses, train the mind, and interpret the relationship between spirits and the living.


Throughout the series, many of the main characters appear in the Black Lodge in the form of doppelgänger. A doppelgänger is a supernatural double of a living person. Though it is a German word, which translates to “double goer,” the concept of doppelgänger can be traced throughout folklore, all the way back to ancient Egyptian culture.


Garmonbozia is the word used to describe the pain and sorrow of the characters, which the inhabitants of the Black Lodge feed on. Garmonbozia is represented in its tangible form as creamed corn. The origin of the word garmonbozia is a mystery. I was unable to match the exact word to any known languages. But by breaking the word into sections, I discovered the Polish word bozia. “Bozia” means “why God” in Polish. This may be where the term garmonbozia was derived from.


After exploring all the intersecting elements and belief systems that make up the dense mythos behind Twin Peaks, it is easy to acquire a profound appreciation for the intricate universe Lynch and Frost were able to weave within their show, and the impact it continues to have on television and pop culture.

I hope this article serves as a good field guide to the esoteric elements of Twin Peaks, and helps illustrate the diversity and complexity of the elements merged to create the Twin Peaks mythos.

© 2014 All Rights Reserved The contents of this article cannot be reproduced without prior permission of the author.